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  • Advanced cancer - Canadian Cancer Society
    re a caregiver Glossary In a strange way my cancer experience has given me a gift that I can use to help people with vision loss and people experiencing cancer Read Robert s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team Our information and support services helped 75 000 people living with cancer Learn More Advanced cancer A diagnosis of advanced cancer can be very hard to understand and accept If you or someone you love has been diagnosed with advanced cancer you may feel overwhelmed like you can t take it all in or that it s just a bad dream You might not be sure that you understand what the doctor meant Advanced cancer is defined as cancer that is unlikely to be cured Healthcare professionals may also use the terms secondary metastatic terminal or progressive cancer to describe it Most people living with advanced cancer experience a wide range of feelings and emotions as they come to accept the diagnosis These feelings can be overwhelming at first but most become more manageable as you get used to the diagnosis and start to make plans and decisions Shock and disbelief It s difficult to hear that cancer can t be cured and you may not want to believe what you ve been told Many people say they feel numb or like they re walking around in a fog Anger It s normal to be angry at the person who has told you the news or angry that the treatment hasn t worked Your anger could be directed anywhere from your family and friends to your god or fate Sadness loneliness and isolation Finding out you or someone you love has advanced cancer usually leads to a deep sense of loss While family and friends may want to be close to you you may not feel like you want to be around people as you come to terms with the diagnosis You may feel isolated as if no one could possibly understand what you re going through Guilt Some people diagnosed with cancer feel guilty for leaving loved ones behind or causing sorrow Some people worry that they should have gone to the doctor earlier or fought harder against the disease Loved ones may feel guilty that they haven t done enough Fear It s normal to feel very scared of advanced cancer People with advanced cancer may fear being in pain and suffering being left alone or dying alone becoming a burden losing control of the body and needing others help losing dignity the unknown and the future leaving loved ones behind Moving forward Accepting the diagnosis and adjusting to life with advanced cancer often takes time Acceptance doesn t mean giving up Rather acceptance allows you to take control of your life and focus on what s most important to you Many people find that as they become more accepting of the situation

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-journey/advanced-cancer/?region=mb (2014-10-09)
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  • Helping someone with cancer - Canadian Cancer Society
    with cancer then you don t I don t know how you manage Don t worry I m sure you ll be fine Tell me what I can do to help Instead be specific about what you can do How much time do the doctors give you I know someone who had the same thing and it was really horrible I feel so bad about this It s making me cry all the time This isn t about you Back to top How to be a good listener Being a good listener means trying to be aware of someone s thoughts and feelings as much as you can These tips should help Get the basics right Try to keep the setting as private as possible Do your best to look comfortable and relaxed even if you re nervous Keep a comfortable amount of space between you and your friend Too much distance can make things feel formal and too little can feel cramped Try to make sure there are no physical obstacles between you If your friend is in hospital and there s a table in the way it s okay to say something like It s not very easy to talk across this table Can I move it for our visit Let the person with cancer be the leader If they want to talk listen Don t be offended if they don t want to talk Try to keep eye contact but don t maintain it for so long that it feels like staring Be aware of how the other person feels there may be different cultural approaches to eye contact Help don t hinder the conversation Don t interrupt Wait for your friend to stop speaking before you start and give your full attention to what your friend is saying Try not to jump ahead in your thoughts to how you re going to reply or what you ll say next Encourage the person with cancer to talk freely It can help to nod and say things like Yes I see or And then what happened You can also try repeating a few words from their last sentence this will help them feel that they are being heard It can really help to just listen while your friend talks about what they want to talk about even if it s distressing for you If you find the topic too hard you can say so and offer to try to talk about it later Don t simply change the subject without acknowledging the fact that what your friend is talking about is important to you both Admit that you don t know what to say or that you find things difficult to talk about Getting this out in the open can actually help the conversation because it reduces feelings of awkwardness Avoid giving advice unless you re sure you ve been asked for it Don t give it too early in the conversation because it will stop a 2

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-journey/helping-someone-with-cancer/?region=mb (2014-10-09)
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  • If you’re a caregiver - Canadian Cancer Society
    cancer diagnosis may bring about unnecessary worry or stress or that it may take away all hope It s important for the healthcare team to know about your family s values and beliefs Don t hesitate to tell them about any cultural beliefs that affect how you and your family approach the cancer journey Your team may be able to suggest important topics to consider as you make your decisions As you re thinking about what to do and considering the individual needs of each person and factors that are important to your family it might be helpful to know that the person with cancer usually learns about their diagnosis sooner or later Most cancer patients agree that hiding the diagnosis from them denies them the chance to make important decisions about their treatment and their future There are advantages to being open and honest When there are no secrets it s easier on everyone concerned to approach the cancer diagnosis as a fact of life It s also easier to discuss the experience and offer support when nothing is being hidden Talking about cancer and sharing feelings is hard for many people but it can be even harder to hide your thoughts and feelings about a cancer diagnosis Back to top Good communication is key Good communication between the healthcare team your loved one and you can greatly improve your loved one s care You may be responsible for communicating your loved one s wants and needs to the healthcare team You may also be responsible for updating family and friends about your loved one Holding regular family meetings can be a good way to keep family and friends up to date and to plan for the weeks ahead Talk openly with friends and family and be clear with what you need and how they can help whether it s preparing meals looking after children or going to an appointment At family meetings you can share information questions or concerns discuss the weeks ahead and plan for tests treatments and appointments spend time together just to support and comfort each other give people jobs to do in the weeks ahead to share in the care of your loved one Back to top Doctor s appointments You may attend doctor s appointments with your loved one Your loved one may ask you to be the one to talk to the healthcare team and make important decisions Write down any questions you have or things you would like to say before the appointment Keep a folder of your loved one s health information including a list of all medicines and take it with you Share information with the healthcare team about any pain or side effects your loved one is experiencing Back to top Giving comfort and emotional support Caregivers are usually the main source of comfort and emotional support for their loved one Good communication with and understanding of your loved one is important You can have a very positive effect on how your loved one copes with cancer if you Involve them as much as possible Allow them to continue with day to day care and activities if they feel up to it Let them know that you re there to help but let them decide when they need help Help them to live as normally as possible Help them to prioritize which activities they can do and enjoy most Share your feelings with them and encourage them to share theirs Listen and allow them to express fears and concerns about what is going to happen Listen when they want to talk and respect their need for privacy when they don t feel like talking Make sure they know you ll be there when they re ready Keep the person company Talking with them watching movies together listening to music playing cards or just being with the person can be comforting Sometimes when you can t find words a squeeze of the hand or a gentle hug can say just as much Touch is a powerful way to communicate and can show how much you care Respect their need to be alone sometimes Look after your own emotional needs too If you re having problems sharing your feelings and communicating with each other talk to your healthcare team or join a support group It may be helpful to talk to others who are experiencing the same thing There are support groups that include both caregivers and people living with cancer and those that provide support individually for either caregivers or people living with cancer Back to top Giving physical care You may provide physical care for your loved one Ask your healthcare team for information and ideas on caring for your loved one Assistive devices are tools that can help your loved one be more independent and make your job easier These tools may be a walker lift wheelchair shower chair grab bars portable commodes or urinals A home care nurse physiotherapist or occupational therapist may be able to provide support and give you ideas to help your loved one You may need to learn how to help with bathing helping them get in and out of the tub or shower or giving sponge baths in bed lifting and moving helping them get into or out of a bed or chair moving cushions or helping them turn or roll over in bed bathroom getting onto and off the toilet using bedpans incontinence pads or catheters mouth care brushing teeth keeping lips moist or rinsing the mouth hair skin and nail care washing and drying their hair moisturizing skin and trimming nails giving medicine keeping track of timing dosages and storage of medicines Back to top Looking after yourself Caring for a loved one who is ill can be physically and emotionally demanding As a caregiver you may be so focused on the person you re caring for that you forget to take care of yourself Keeping your strength and

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-journey/if-you-re-a-caregiver/?region=mb (2014-10-09)
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  • What is cancer? - Canadian Cancer Society
    boat festivals Golf Fore the Cure Awareness weeks and months Hold your own event Volunteering Why volunteer Ways to volunteer Volunteer opportunities Take action What we are doing Financial burden Asbestos Drug shortages Indoor tanning Tobacco control Success stories What you can do Donate Recently viewed pages What is cancer If you re a caregiver Helping someone with cancer Advanced cancer Life after cancer Living with cancer Your healthcare team Talking about cancer Recently diagnosed Cancer during pregnancy Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer 101 What is cancer What is cancer The human body The immune system The bone marrow The cell cycle Cancer cell development Types of tumours How cancer spreads Prognosis and survival Cancer statistics at a glance Canadian Cancer Statistics publication What is a risk factor How to reduce cancer risk Cancer research Glossary A cancer s behaviour may depend on the patient s age Read more Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team How can you stop cancer before it starts Discover how your lifestyle choices can affect cancer risk and how you can take action with our interactive tool It s My Life Learn More What is cancer Cancer is a disease that starts in our cells Our bodies are made up of millions of cells grouped together to form tissues and organs such as muscles and bones the lungs and the liver Genes inside each cell order it to grow work reproduce and die Normally our cells obey these orders and we remain healthy But sometimes the instructions get mixed up causing the cells to form lumps or tumours or spread through the bloodstream and lymphatic system to other

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-101/what-is-cancer/?region=mb (2014-10-09)
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  • Cancer statistics at a glance - Canadian Cancer Society
    Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team A home away from home For cancer patients who must travel a great distance to get to treatment Canadian Cancer Society lodges offer a welcoming place to stay Learn More Cancer statistics at a glance Cancer statistics tell us how many people in Canada are diagnosed with and die from cancer each year They show us the trends in new cases and cancer deaths Cancer statistics also tell us the likelihood of surviving a cancer diagnosis and the number of people who are alive after a cancer diagnosis Canadian provinces and territories collect data on cancer cases and cancer deaths These data are combined to provide a picture of the impact of cancer for all of Canada Statistics are an important part of planning and measuring the success of cancer control Incidence and mortality Incidence is the total number of new cases of cancer Mortality is the number of deaths due to cancer To provide the most current cancer statistics researchers use statistical methods to estimate the number of new cancer cases and deaths until actual data become available An estimated 191 300 new cases of cancer and 76 600 deaths from cancer will occur in Canada in 2014 The number of estimated new cases does not include 76 100 new non melanoma skin cancer cases Cancer is the leading cause of death in Canada and is responsible for 30 of all deaths Note The total of all deaths in 2011 in Canada was 242 074 Adapted from Statistics Canada Leading Causes of Death in Canada 2011 CANSIM Table 102 0522 It is estimated that in 2014 97 700 Canadian men will be diagnosed with cancer and 40 000 men will die from cancer 93 600 Canadian women will be diagnosed with cancer and 36 600 women will die from cancer On average 524 Canadians will be diagnosed with cancer every day On average 210 Canadians will die from cancer every day Lung breast colorectal and prostate cancer are the most common types of cancer in Canada excluding non melanoma skin cancer Based on 2014 estimates These cancers account for over half 52 of all new cancer cases Prostate cancer accounts for about one quarter 24 of all new cancer cases in men Lung cancer accounts for 14 of all new cases of cancer Breast cancer accounts for about one quarter 26 of all new cancer cases in women Colorectal cancer accounts for 13 of all new cancer cases Trends in cancer rates Cancer is a disease that mostly affects Canadians aged 50 and older but it can occur at any age Across Canada cancer incidence rates vary because of differences in the type of population risk factors including risk behaviours and early detection practices Similarly rates of cancer death vary because cancer screening rates and the availability and use of treatment vary across the country Chances probability of developing or dying from cancer Based on 2009 estimates 2 out of

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-101/cancer-statistics-at-a-glance/?region=mb (2014-10-09)
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  • Canadian Cancer Statistics publication - Canadian Cancer Society
    a caregiver Helping someone with cancer Advanced cancer Life after cancer Living with cancer Your healthcare team Talking about cancer Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer 101 Canadian Cancer Statistics publication What is cancer Cancer statistics at a glance Canadian Cancer Statistics publication Past editions Canadian Cancer Statistics What is a risk factor How to reduce cancer risk Cancer research Glossary I thought maybe I m not the only one Maybe there is light at the end of the tunnel Read Albert s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Interactive prevention tool Questions to ask your healthcare team We fund research The Canadian Cancer Society is the largest national charitable funder of cancer research in Canada Learn More Canadian Cancer Statistics publication This annual publication provides health professionals researchers policy makers and the general public with detailed information about incidence mortality and other statistics for the most common types of cancer by age sex year and province or territory It is developed through collaboration between the Canadian Cancer Society the Public Health Agency of Canada Statistics Canada and provincial and territorial cancer registries with input from the Canadian Cancer Statistics Advisory Committee Download current edition Evaluate or sign up to be notified about future editions Media release 2014 2014 cancer statistics figures in PowerPoint Introductory figures A D Figures 1 1 2 4 incidence Figures 3 1 4 4 mortality Figures 5 1 6 2 survival and prevalence Figures 7 2 7 7 skin cancer Selected data files in Excel Additional sections not included in the publication Table W1 Potential years of life lost due to cancer Canada 2009 National statistics at a glance from Canadian Cancer Statistics An estimated 191 300 new cases of cancer excluding about 76 100 non melanoma skin cancers and 76 600 deaths will occur in Canada in 2014 More than half about 52 of all new cases will be prostate breast lung and colorectal cancers About 2 in 5 Canadians will develop cancer in their lifetimes and 1 in 4 will die of the disease 63 of Canadians diagnosed with cancer will survive at least 5 years after their diagnosis At the beginning of 2009 there were about 810 045 Canadians living with a cancer that had been diagnosed in the previous 10 years Manitoba statistics at a glance from Canadian Cancer Statistics Overview of new cases and deaths An estimated 191 300 new cases of cancer and 76 600 deaths from cancer will occur in Canada in 2014 Lung breast colorectal and prostate cancer account for the top 4 diagnosed cancers In 2014 an estimated 2 700 people will die of cancer in Manitoba and 6 500 new cases will be diagnosed Cancer statistics for men in Manitoba For men in Manitoba prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed type of cancer In 2014 An estimated 730 men will be diagnosed with

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-101/canadian-cancer-statistics-publication/?region=mb (2014-10-09)
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  • What is a risk factor? - Canadian Cancer Society
    Diet Environmental risks Family history Genetic risk Geographic location Height Hormones Medical history Occupational exposure Personal history of cancer Physical activity Sedentary behaviour Sex Socio economic status Stress Sun and UVR exposure Tobacco Viruses bacteria and other infectious agents Vitamin D Weakened immune system How to reduce cancer risk Cancer research Glossary It takes 3 seconds to ask Have you got your daffodil pin yet If you don t ask you don t get Read Dan s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Interactive prevention tool Questions to ask your healthcare team Our information and support services helped 75 000 people living with cancer Learn More What is a risk factor Cancer risk refers to a person s chance of developing cancer A risk factor is any substance or condition that increases the risk of developing cancer There are very few cancers that have a single known cause Most cancers seem to be the result of a complex mix of many risk factors These risk factors may play different roles in starting cancer and helping it grow Some risk factors include heredity genetics lifestyle choices and exposure to cancer causing substances carcinogens in the environment In general the more often and the longer the exposure to a risk factor the greater the chance that cancer will develop It can take many years for cancer to develop after exposure to a risk factor Cancer usually develops after exposure to many risk factors over time People may be exposed to several risk factors in the course of their daily lives Some people have a higher risk of developing cancer because of certain risk factors Even if a person has one or more risk factors it is impossible to know exactly how much these factors may contribute to developing cancer later in life People at low risk may get cancer while people at high risk may not get cancer Low risk does not mean that a person will not get cancer It means that there is less chance of getting cancer High risk means that the chances of getting cancer may be greater but it does not mean that cancer will develop It isn t always clear why one person gets cancer and another doesn t Reviewing the scientific evidence on risks Over the years researchers have developed a better understanding of how cancers develop and grow Researchers look at all the scientific information to determine whether a substance causes or could cause cancer Scientists carefully review evidence from studies done in people and in the laboratory to determine whether a substance may increase the risk of cancer Scientists usually look at 3 things to determine if something is a risk factor for cancer How much how often and under what circumstances people are exposed to a particular substance Scientists are more confident that exposure is directly related to cancer risk when the risk of cancer increases as exposure increases the risk of

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-101/what-is-a-risk-factor/?region=mb (2014-10-09)
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  • How to reduce cancer risk - Canadian Cancer Society
    Indoor tanning Tobacco control Success stories What you can do Donate Recently viewed pages How to reduce cancer risk What is a risk factor Canadian Cancer Statistics publication Cancer statistics at a glance What is cancer If you re a caregiver Helping someone with cancer Advanced cancer Life after cancer Living with cancer Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer 101 How to reduce cancer risk What is cancer Cancer statistics at a glance Canadian Cancer Statistics publication What is a risk factor How to reduce cancer risk Cancer research Glossary I think it s very important to give back especially to the Society because they do so much and they really need the help Read Karen s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Interactive prevention tool Questions to ask your healthcare team How can you stop cancer before it starts Discover how your lifestyle choices can affect cancer risk and how you can take action with our interactive tool It s My Life Learn More How to reduce cancer risk There are many known risk factors for cancer It has been estimated that smoking is responsible for 30 of all cancer deaths and that one third of cancers can be linked to diet obesity and lack of exercise Risk reduction is taking action to lower one s risk of developing cancer Risk can be increased or decreased by lifestyle choices and the kind of environment a person lives and works in About half of all cancers can be prevented through healthy living and policies that protect the public Reducing your risk To help reduce your risk of developing cancer follow these general steps Live well Make healthy choices Be

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-101/how-to-reduce-cancer-risk/?region=mb (2014-10-09)
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