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  • What is lung cancer? - Canadian Cancer Society
    Jail N Bail Online and door to door canvassing Golf Fore the Cure Awareness weeks and months Hold your own event Volunteering Why volunteer Ways to volunteer Volunteer opportunities Take action What we are doing Asbestos Drug shortages Indoor tanning Vote for Health Tobacco control Compassionate care leave Cosmetic pesticides Success stories What you can do Donate Lung cancer Recently viewed pages Lung Lung cancer Leukemia childhood Childhood leukemia Leukemia Leukemia Kidney Kidney cancer Colorectal Colorectal cancer Cervical Cervical cancer Breast Breast cancer Brain Spinal childhood Childhood brain and spinal tumours Bladder Bladder cancer Home Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer type Lung Lung cancer Lung cancer Non small cell lung cancer Small cell lung cancer Lung metastases Benign tumours Risks Finding cancer early Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Grading Staging If cancer spreads Prognosis and survival Treatment Supportive care Research Statistics Anatomy and physiology Glossary I m a practising oncologist and fully aware of the concerns my patients have and the difficulties they have to go through Read Eshwar s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team Clinical trial discovery improves quality of life A clinical trial led by the Society s NCIC Clinical Trials group found that men with prostate cancer who are treated with intermittent courses of hormone therapy live as long as those receiving continuous therapy Learn More What is lung cancer Lung cancer is a malignant tumour that starts in the cells of the lung Malignant means that it can spread or metastasize to other parts of the body When cancer starts in lung cells it is called primary lung cancer The lung is part of the respiratory system You use your lungs when you breathe The lungs are in the chest one on each side of the heart The right lung has 3 main parts called lobes The left lung is a bit smaller and has 2 lobes The lungs are cushioned and protected by a thin covering called the pleura Cells in the lung sometimes change and no longer grow or behave normally These changes may lead to benign tumours such as hamartoma and papilloma Benign tumours are not cancerous But in some cases changes to lung cells can cause cancer Lung cancers are divided into non small cell lung cancer NSCLC and small cell lung cancer SCLC based on the type of cell in which the cancer started Non small cell lung cancer usually starts in glandular cells on the outer part of the lung This type of cancer is called adenocarcinoma Non small cell lung cancer can also start in flat thin cells called squamous cells These cells line the bronchi which are the large tubes or airways that branch off from the trachea or windpipe into the lungs This type of cancer is called squamous cell carcinoma of the lung Large cell carcinoma is another

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/lung/lung-cancer/?region=ab (2014-10-09)
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  • Metastatic cancer overview - Canadian Cancer Society
    sites of metastases Cancer can spread almost anywhere in the body The most common sites of metastases are bone brain liver lung Back to top Why cancers spread All cancers have the potential to spread Whether metastases will develop depends on many factors the type of cancer Some types of cancer tend to spread to certain parts of the body Breast cancer most often spreads to the bones liver lung or brain Colorectal cancer tends to spread to the liver Lung cancer often spreads to the brain bones or liver Prostate cancer tends to spread to the bones the grade of the cancer Low grade cancer cells are less aggressive and are less likely to metastasize High grade cancer cells are more aggressive and are more likely to metastasize the length of time the cancer has been present The risk of metastasis increases the longer a tumour is in the body the cancer cells ability to create a blood supply in a new location A cancerous tumour needs to set up a blood supply to grow the location of the primary tumour Each type of cancer has a particular way that it spreads Many metastases develop in the first area of blood vessels that cancer cells come to after leaving the primary tumour After leaving the primary tumour the lungs are one of the first places metastatic cells can be carried to by the bloodstream This may explain why metastases form in the lungs Back to top Signs and symptoms Some people may have no or few symptoms related to their metastasis Therefore a metastatic cancer may only be discovered during a routine examination or test Symptoms of metastatic cancer will depend on the particular location and size of the metastasis Bone metastases may cause pain or a break in the bone fracture It can also put pressure on a nerve or the spinal cord which can cause numbness or muscle weakness Brain metastases may cause headaches problems with balance or coordination or seizures Liver metastases may cause abdominal pain abdominal swelling or jaundice Lung metastases may cause cough or shortness of breath Getting regular checkups and reporting new symptoms are the best ways to detect metastatic cancer early In some cases the metastatic tumour is found before the primary tumour because it produces symptoms before the primary tumour does Back to top Diagnosis Diagnostic tests will be done if the signs and symptoms of metastatic cancer are present if the result of a follow up test is abnormal or if the doctor suspects a metastasis The types of tests done will depend on the area of the body where doctors suspect the cancer has spread Tests may include complete physical examination laboratory tests In some cases tumour marker tests are done Tumour markers are substances usually proteins that may indicate cancer is present Tumour markers for metastatic cancer are usually measured by doing blood tests imaging tests A bone scan is done to see if cancer has spread to

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/metastatic-cancer/metastatic-cancer/?region=ab (2014-10-09)
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  • What is non-Hodgkin lymphoma? - Canadian Cancer Society
    Golf Fore the Cure Awareness weeks and months Hold your own event Volunteering Why volunteer Ways to volunteer Volunteer opportunities Take action What we are doing Asbestos Drug shortages Indoor tanning Vote for Health Tobacco control Compassionate care leave Cosmetic pesticides Success stories What you can do Donate Non Hodgkin lymphoma Recently viewed pages Non Hodgkin lymphoma Non Hodgkin lymphoma Metastatic cancer Metastatic cancer Lung Lung cancer Leukemia childhood Childhood leukemia Leukemia Leukemia Kidney Kidney cancer Colorectal Colorectal cancer Cervical Cervical cancer Breast Breast cancer Brain Spinal childhood Childhood brain and spinal tumours Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer type Non Hodgkin lymphoma Non Hodgkin lymphoma Non Hodgkin lymphoma Types of NHL Risks Finding cancer early Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Grading Staging If cancer spreads Prognosis and survival Treatment Supportive care Research Statistics Anatomy and physiology Glossary Volunteering during Daffodil Month is an incredibly rewarding experience whether you have been touched by cancer or not Read Paul s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team Clinical trial discovery improves quality of life A clinical trial led by the Society s NCIC Clinical Trials group found that men with prostate cancer who are treated with intermittent courses of hormone therapy live as long as those receiving continuous therapy Learn More What is non Hodgkin lymphoma Non Hodgkin lymphoma NHL is a cancer that starts in lymphocytes Lymphocytes are cells of the lymphatic system The lymphatic system works with other parts of your immune system to help your body fight infection and disease The lymphatic system is made up of a network of lymph vessels lymph nodes and the lymphatic organs Lymph vessels carry lymph fluid which contains lymphocytes and other white blood cells antibodies and nutrients Lymph nodes sit along the lymph vessels and filter lymph fluid The lymphatic organs include the spleen thymus adenoids tonsils and bone marrow Lymphocytes develop in the bone marrow from basic cells called stem cells Stem cells develop into different types of cells that have different jobs Lymphocytes are types of white blood cells that help fight infection There are 2 types of lymphocytes B cells stay in the bone marrow until they mature T cells move to the thymus to mature Lymphocytes sometimes change and no longer grow or behave normally These abnormal cells can form tumours called lymphomas Non Hodgkin lymphoma can start from either B cells or T cells There are over 30 types of non Hodgkin lymphoma They are grouped based on the type of lymphocyte they started from Most types of NHL start in B cells and are called B cell lymphoma NHL can also start in T cells which is called T cell lymphoma The different types of NHL look different under a microscope They also develop and grow differently The grade of NHL is based on how different or abnormal the cancer

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/non-hodgkin-lymphoma/non-hodgkin-lymphoma/?region=ab (2014-10-09)
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  • What is pancreatic cancer? - Canadian Cancer Society
    a luminary Buy daffodil mittens How your donations help Funding research Events and Participation Find an event near you Bark For Life Relay For Life Daffodil Month Curl For Cancer Face Off Against Cancer Fundraise for Life Harvest of Hope Jail N Bail Online and door to door canvassing Golf Fore the Cure Awareness weeks and months Hold your own event Volunteering Why volunteer Ways to volunteer Volunteer opportunities Take action What we are doing Asbestos Drug shortages Indoor tanning Vote for Health Tobacco control Compassionate care leave Cosmetic pesticides Success stories What you can do Donate Pancreatic cancer Recently viewed pages Pancreatic Pancreatic cancer Non Hodgkin lymphoma Non Hodgkin lymphoma Metastatic cancer Metastatic cancer Lung Lung cancer Leukemia childhood Childhood leukemia Leukemia Leukemia Kidney Kidney cancer Colorectal Colorectal cancer Cervical Cervical cancer Breast Breast cancer Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer type Pancreatic Pancreatic cancer Pancreatic cancer Malignant tumours Precancerous tumours Benign tumours Risks Finding cancer early Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Grading Staging If cancer spreads Prognosis and survival Treatment Supportive care Research Statistics Anatomy and physiology Glossary Volunteering requires time energy and dedication It s a big job but it s worth it Read Janet s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team 71 million was invested in the Society s programs services and information for people with cancer and their caregivers Learn More What is pancreatic cancer Pancreatic cancer starts in the cells of the pancreas The pancreas is a large gland that lies behind your stomach deep in the upper part of the abdomen The pancreas is part of the digestive system Digestive juices made by the pancreas flow down

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/pancreatic/pancreatic-cancer/?region=ab (2014-10-09)
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  • What is prostate cancer? - Canadian Cancer Society
    door to door canvassing Golf Fore the Cure Awareness weeks and months Hold your own event Volunteering Why volunteer Ways to volunteer Volunteer opportunities Take action What we are doing Asbestos Drug shortages Indoor tanning Vote for Health Tobacco control Compassionate care leave Cosmetic pesticides Success stories What you can do Donate Prostate cancer Recently viewed pages Prostate Prostate cancer Pancreatic Pancreatic cancer Non Hodgkin lymphoma Non Hodgkin lymphoma Metastatic cancer Metastatic cancer Lung Lung cancer Leukemia childhood Childhood leukemia Leukemia Leukemia Kidney Kidney cancer Colorectal Colorectal cancer Cervical Cervical cancer Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer type Prostate Prostate cancer Prostate cancer Malignant tumours Precancerous conditions Prostatitis Benign prostatic hyperplasia Risks Finding cancer early Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Grading Staging If cancer spreads Prognosis and survival Treatment Supportive care Research Statistics Anatomy and physiology Glossary Dr Mak was inducted as an Officer of the Order of Canada in 2000 Read Dr Mak s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team On average over 500 Canadians will be diagnosed with cancer every day Learn More What is prostate cancer Prostate cancer is a malignant tumour that starts in cells of the prostate Malignant means that it can spread or metastasize to other parts of the body Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in Canadian men It usually grows slowly and can often be completely removed or managed successfully The prostate is part of a man s reproductive system It is a walnut sized gland just below the bladder and in front of the rectum It surrounds part of the urethra which is the tube that carries urine and semen through the penis The

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/prostate/prostate-cancer/?region=ab (2014-10-09)
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  • Select a type of cancer - Canadian Cancer Society
    Vitamin D Healthy habits for families Be aware Family genetics Artificial hormones Viruses and bacteria Harmful substances and environmental risks Staying informed about environmental risks Cancer myths and controversies Early detection and screening Finding cancer early Screening Cancer prevention research Get involved Support us Make a personal donation Become a corporate supporter Leave a legacy Create a personal fundraising page Sponsor a participant Create a wedding fund Buy a lottery ticket Buy a luminary Buy daffodil mittens How your donations help Funding research Events and Participation Find an event near you Bark For Life Relay For Life Daffodil Month Curl For Cancer Face Off Against Cancer Fundraise for Life Harvest of Hope Jail N Bail Online and door to door canvassing Golf Fore the Cure Awareness weeks and months Hold your own event Volunteering Why volunteer Ways to volunteer Volunteer opportunities Take action What we are doing Asbestos Drug shortages Indoor tanning Vote for Health Tobacco control Compassionate care leave Cosmetic pesticides Success stories What you can do Donate Recently viewed pages Prostate Prostate cancer Pancreatic Pancreatic cancer Non Hodgkin lymphoma Non Hodgkin lymphoma Metastatic cancer Metastatic cancer Lung Lung cancer Leukemia childhood Childhood leukemia Leukemia Leukemia Kidney Kidney cancer Colorectal Colorectal cancer Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer type See all In a strange way my cancer experience has given me a gift that I can use to help people with vision loss and people experiencing cancer Read Robert s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team How can you stop cancer before it starts Discover how your lifestyle choices can affect cancer risk and how you can take action with our interactive

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/see-all/?region=ab (2014-10-09)
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  • What is melanoma? - Canadian Cancer Society
    of Hope Jail N Bail Online and door to door canvassing Golf Fore the Cure Awareness weeks and months Hold your own event Volunteering Why volunteer Ways to volunteer Volunteer opportunities Take action What we are doing Asbestos Drug shortages Indoor tanning Vote for Health Tobacco control Compassionate care leave Cosmetic pesticides Success stories What you can do Donate Melanoma Recently viewed pages Skin melanoma Melanoma Prostate Prostate cancer Pancreatic Pancreatic cancer Non Hodgkin lymphoma Non Hodgkin lymphoma Metastatic cancer Metastatic cancer Lung Lung cancer Leukemia childhood Childhood leukemia Leukemia Leukemia Kidney Kidney cancer Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer type Skin melanoma Melanoma Melanoma Malignant tumours Precancerous conditions Benign tumours Risks Finding cancer early Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Staging If cancer spreads Prognosis and survival Treatment Supportive care Research Statistics Anatomy and physiology Glossary There are so many things that need doing If you have the energy and the time you can make a world of difference Read Roxanne s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team 71 million was invested in the Society s programs services and information for people with cancer and their caregivers Learn More What is melanoma Melanoma is a malignant tumour that starts in melanocytes Melanocytes are a type of cell that make melanin which is the pigment that gives your skin and eyes their colour Malignant means that it can spread or metastasize to other parts of the body The skin is the body s largest organ It covers your whole body and protects it from injury infection and ultraviolet UV light from the sun The skin helps control your body temperature and gets rid of waste materials through the sweat glands It also makes vitamin D and stores water and fat The skin has 2 main layers The top layer on the surface of the body is called the epidermis The dermis is below the epidermis It has nerves blood vessels sweat glands oil sebaceous glands and hair follicles The epidermis is made up of 3 types of cells Squamous cells are flat thin cells on the surface of the skin Basal cells are round cells that lie under the squamous cells Melanocytes are found in between the basal cells Cells in the skin sometimes change and no longer grow or behave normally These changes may lead to non cancerous or benign tumours such as dermatofibromas epidermal cysts or moles also called nevi Changes to cells in the skin can also cause cancer Different types of skin cells cause different types of skin cancers When cancer starts in melanocytes it is called melanoma When skin cancer starts in squamous cells or basal cells it is called non melanoma skin cancer Find out more about non melanoma skin cancer When melanocytes change and become abnormal they can cause precancerous conditions This means that the cells are not

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/skin-melanoma/melanoma/?region=ab (2014-10-09)
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  • What is non-melanoma skin cancer? - Canadian Cancer Society
    Daffodil Month Curl For Cancer Face Off Against Cancer Fundraise for Life Harvest of Hope Jail N Bail Online and door to door canvassing Golf Fore the Cure Awareness weeks and months Hold your own event Volunteering Why volunteer Ways to volunteer Volunteer opportunities Take action What we are doing Asbestos Drug shortages Indoor tanning Vote for Health Tobacco control Compassionate care leave Cosmetic pesticides Success stories What you can do Donate Non melanoma skin cancer Recently viewed pages Skin non melanoma Non melanoma skin cancer Skin melanoma Melanoma Prostate Prostate cancer Pancreatic Pancreatic cancer Non Hodgkin lymphoma Non Hodgkin lymphoma Metastatic cancer Metastatic cancer Lung Lung cancer Leukemia childhood Childhood leukemia Leukemia Leukemia Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer type Skin non melanoma Non melanoma skin cancer Non melanoma skin cancer Basal cell carcinoma Squamous cell carcinoma Rare skin tumours Precancerous conditions Benign tumours Risks Finding cancer early Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Grading Staging If cancer spreads Prognosis and survival Treatment Supportive care Research Statistics Anatomy and physiology Glossary Dr Lavoué is developing a toolkit to collect and use information on cancer causing substances in the workplace Read more Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team Our information and support services helped 75 000 people living with cancer Learn More What is non melanoma skin cancer Non melanoma skin cancer is a malignant tumour that starts in cells of the skin Malignant means that it can spread or metastasize to other parts of the body The skin is the body s largest organ It covers your whole body and protects it from injury infection and ultraviolet UV light from the sun The skin helps control your body temperature and gets rid of waste materials through the sweat glands It also makes vitamin D and stores water and fat The skin has 2 main layers The top layer on the surface of the body is called the epidermis The dermis is below the epidermis It has nerves blood vessels sweat glands oil sebaceous glands and hair follicles The epidermis is made up of 3 types of cells Squamous cells are thin flat cells on the surface of the skin Basal cells are round cells that lie under the squamous cells Melanocytes are found in between the basal cells They make melanin which gives your skin and eyes their colour Cells in the skin sometimes change and no longer grow or behave normally These changes may lead to non cancerous or benign tumours such as dermatofibromas epidermal cysts or moles also called nevi Changes to cells in the skin can also cause cancer Different types of skin cells cause different types of skin cancers When skin cancer starts in squamous cells or basal cells it is called non melanoma skin cancer When cancer starts in melanocytes it is called melanoma Find out more about melanoma When

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/skin-non-melanoma/non-melanoma-skin-cancer/?region=ab (2014-10-09)
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