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  • What is colorectal cancer? - Canadian Cancer Society
    you Relay For Life Daffodil Ball Daffodil Month Curl for Cancer East Indian charity dinner and auction Golf Fore the Cure Awareness weeks and months Hold your own event Volunteering Why volunteer Ways to volunteer Volunteer opportunities Take action What we are doing Asbestos Drug shortages Indoor tanning Tobacco control Success stories What you can do Issues you can act on Donate Colorectal cancer Recently viewed pages Colorectal Colorectal cancer Cervical Cervical cancer Breast Breast cancer Brain Spinal childhood Childhood brain and spinal tumours Bladder Bladder cancer For media Research Institute Careers Contact us Terms and conditions Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer type Colorectal Colorectal cancer Colorectal cancer Malignant tumours Precancerous conditions Benign tumours Risks Screening Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Grading Staging If cancer spreads Prognosis and survival Treatment Supportive care Research Statistics Anatomy and physiology Glossary Simple question helps restore patient dignity Read more Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team A home away from home For cancer patients who must travel a great distance to get to treatment Canadian Cancer Society lodges offer a welcoming place to stay Learn More What is colorectal cancer Colorectal cancer is a malignant tumour that starts in cells of the colon or rectum Malignant means that it can spread or metastasize to other parts of the body The colon and rectum are part of the digestive system Together the colon and rectum make up the large intestine or large bowel The colon takes up water and nutrients from food and passes waste to the rectum Cells in the colon or rectum sometimes change and no longer grow or behave normally These changes may lead to benign

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/colorectal/colorectal-cancer/?region=nb (2014-10-09)
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  • What is kidney cancer? - Canadian Cancer Society
    and months Hold your own event Volunteering Why volunteer Ways to volunteer Volunteer opportunities Take action What we are doing Asbestos Drug shortages Indoor tanning Tobacco control Success stories What you can do Issues you can act on Donate Kidney cancer Recently viewed pages Kidney Kidney cancer Colorectal Colorectal cancer Cervical Cervical cancer Breast Breast cancer Brain Spinal childhood Childhood brain and spinal tumours Bladder Bladder cancer For media Research Institute Careers Contact us Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer type Kidney Kidney cancer Kidney cancer Malignant tumours Benign tumours Benign conditions Risks Finding cancer early Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Grading Staging If cancer spreads Prognosis and survival Treatment Supportive care Research Statistics Anatomy and physiology Glossary When a family turns something very negative into a positive to help other people that s extremely inspiring and it drives us Read Brooke s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team Celebrating cancer survivors at Relay For Life For cancer survivors the Canadian Cancer Society provides a unique opportunity to celebrate their courage in the fight against cancer During hundreds of Relay For Life events across the country thousands of survivors join together for the Survivors Victory Lap Learn More What is kidney cancer Kidney cancer is a malignant tumour that starts in the cells of the kidney Malignant means that it can spread or metastasize to other parts of the body The kidney is part of the urinary system The 2 kidneys are on either side of the backbone deep inside the upper part of the abdomen On the top of each kidney is an adrenal gland The kidneys make urine by filtering water and

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/kidney/kidney-cancer/?region=nb (2014-10-09)
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  • What is leukemia? - Canadian Cancer Society
    Take action What we are doing Asbestos Drug shortages Indoor tanning Tobacco control Success stories What you can do Issues you can act on Donate Leukemia Recently viewed pages Leukemia Leukemia Kidney Kidney cancer Colorectal Colorectal cancer Cervical Cervical cancer Breast Breast cancer Brain Spinal childhood Childhood brain and spinal tumours Bladder Bladder cancer For media Research Institute Careers Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer type Leukemia Leukemia Leukemia ALL AML CLL CML Rare lymphocytic leukemias Hairy cell leukemia Polycythemia vera Idiopathic myelofibrosis Essential thrombocythemia Myelodysplastic syndromes Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia Atypical chronic myelogneous leukemia Myelodysplastic myeloproliferative disease unclassifiable Risks Finding cancer early Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Supportive care Research Statistics Anatomy and physiology Glossary I m most proud of the collective commitment of everyone who works at Paladin to make a difference in this world Read Ashley s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team In the past year our Cancer Information Service helped 56 000 Canadians over 1 million have received assistance since 1996 Learn More What is leukemia Leukemia is a cancer that starts in blood stem cells Stem cells are basic cells that develop into different types of cells that have different jobs Blood stem cells develop into either lymphoid stem cells or myeloid stem cells Lymphoid stem cells develop into lymphocytes a type of white blood cell Lymphocytes make antibodies to help fight infection Myeloid stem cells develop into red blood cells granulocytes monocytes or platelets Red blood cells carry oxygen to all tissues of the body Granulocytes and monocytes are types of white blood cells that destroy bacteria and help fight infection Platelets form clots in damaged blood

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/leukemia/leukemia/?region=nb (2014-10-09)
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  • What is childhood leukemia? - Canadian Cancer Society
    Drug shortages Indoor tanning Tobacco control Success stories What you can do Issues you can act on Donate Childhood leukemia Recently viewed pages Leukemia childhood Childhood leukemia Leukemia Leukemia Kidney Kidney cancer Colorectal Colorectal cancer Cervical Cervical cancer Breast Breast cancer Brain Spinal childhood Childhood brain and spinal tumours Bladder Bladder cancer For media Research Institute Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer type Leukemia childhood Childhood leukemia Childhood leukemia Types of leukemia Risks Finding cancer early Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Staging Disease progression Prognosis and survival Treatment Supportive care Research Clinical trials Statistics Anatomy and physiology Glossary I was getting out of the shower and noticed a teeny tiny mole Read Brynessa s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team How can you stop cancer before it starts Discover how your lifestyle choices can affect cancer risk and how you can take action with our interactive tool It s My Life Learn More What is childhood leukemia Leukemia is a cancer that starts in blood stem cells Stem cells are basic cells that develop into different types of cells that have different jobs Blood stem cells develop into either lymphoid stem cells or myeloid stem cells Lymphoid stem cells develop into lymphocytes a type of white blood cell Lymphocytes make antibodies to help fight infection Myeloid stem cells develop into red blood cells granulocytes monocytes or platelets Red blood cells carry oxygen to all tissues of the body Granulocytes and monocytes are types of white blood cells that destroy bacteria and help fight infection Platelets form clots in damaged blood vessels to stop bleeding Leukemia develops when the blood stem cells in the bone

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/leukemia-childhood/childhood-leukemia/?region=nb (2014-10-09)
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  • What is lung cancer? - Canadian Cancer Society
    for Cancer East Indian charity dinner and auction Golf Fore the Cure Awareness weeks and months Hold your own event Volunteering Why volunteer Ways to volunteer Volunteer opportunities Take action What we are doing Asbestos Drug shortages Indoor tanning Tobacco control Success stories What you can do Issues you can act on Donate Lung cancer Recently viewed pages Lung Lung cancer Leukemia childhood Childhood leukemia Leukemia Leukemia Kidney Kidney cancer Colorectal Colorectal cancer Cervical Cervical cancer Breast Breast cancer Brain Spinal childhood Childhood brain and spinal tumours Bladder Bladder cancer For media Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer type Lung Lung cancer Lung cancer Non small cell lung cancer Small cell lung cancer Lung metastases Benign tumours Risks Finding cancer early Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Grading Staging If cancer spreads Prognosis and survival Treatment Supportive care Research Statistics Anatomy and physiology Glossary A simple therapy to help survivors with post treatment fatigue Read more Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team Access to services in your community The Canadian Cancer Society s Community Services Locator helps cancer patients and their families find the services and programs they need in their community Learn More What is lung cancer Lung cancer is a malignant tumour that starts in the cells of the lung Malignant means that it can spread or metastasize to other parts of the body When cancer starts in lung cells it is called primary lung cancer The lung is part of the respiratory system You use your lungs when you breathe The lungs are in the chest one on each side of the heart The right lung has 3 main parts called lobes The left lung is a bit smaller and has 2 lobes The lungs are cushioned and protected by a thin covering called the pleura Cells in the lung sometimes change and no longer grow or behave normally These changes may lead to benign tumours such as hamartoma and papilloma Benign tumours are not cancerous But in some cases changes to lung cells can cause cancer Lung cancers are divided into non small cell lung cancer NSCLC and small cell lung cancer SCLC based on the type of cell in which the cancer started Non small cell lung cancer usually starts in glandular cells on the outer part of the lung This type of cancer is called adenocarcinoma Non small cell lung cancer can also start in flat thin cells called squamous cells These cells line the bronchi which are the large tubes or airways that branch off from the trachea or windpipe into the lungs This type of cancer is called squamous cell carcinoma of the lung Large cell carcinoma is another type of non small cell lung cancer but it is less common There are also several rare types of non small cell lung cancer These include sarcoma and sarcomatoid

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/lung/lung-cancer/?region=nb (2014-10-09)
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  • Metastatic cancer overview - Canadian Cancer Society
    common sites of metastases are bone brain liver lung Back to top Why cancers spread All cancers have the potential to spread Whether metastases will develop depends on many factors the type of cancer Some types of cancer tend to spread to certain parts of the body Breast cancer most often spreads to the bones liver lung or brain Colorectal cancer tends to spread to the liver Lung cancer often spreads to the brain bones or liver Prostate cancer tends to spread to the bones the grade of the cancer Low grade cancer cells are less aggressive and are less likely to metastasize High grade cancer cells are more aggressive and are more likely to metastasize the length of time the cancer has been present The risk of metastasis increases the longer a tumour is in the body the cancer cells ability to create a blood supply in a new location A cancerous tumour needs to set up a blood supply to grow the location of the primary tumour Each type of cancer has a particular way that it spreads Many metastases develop in the first area of blood vessels that cancer cells come to after leaving the primary tumour After leaving the primary tumour the lungs are one of the first places metastatic cells can be carried to by the bloodstream This may explain why metastases form in the lungs Back to top Signs and symptoms Some people may have no or few symptoms related to their metastasis Therefore a metastatic cancer may only be discovered during a routine examination or test Symptoms of metastatic cancer will depend on the particular location and size of the metastasis Bone metastases may cause pain or a break in the bone fracture It can also put pressure on a nerve or the spinal cord which can cause numbness or muscle weakness Brain metastases may cause headaches problems with balance or coordination or seizures Liver metastases may cause abdominal pain abdominal swelling or jaundice Lung metastases may cause cough or shortness of breath Getting regular checkups and reporting new symptoms are the best ways to detect metastatic cancer early In some cases the metastatic tumour is found before the primary tumour because it produces symptoms before the primary tumour does Back to top Diagnosis Diagnostic tests will be done if the signs and symptoms of metastatic cancer are present if the result of a follow up test is abnormal or if the doctor suspects a metastasis The types of tests done will depend on the area of the body where doctors suspect the cancer has spread Tests may include complete physical examination laboratory tests In some cases tumour marker tests are done Tumour markers are substances usually proteins that may indicate cancer is present Tumour markers for metastatic cancer are usually measured by doing blood tests imaging tests A bone scan is done to see if cancer has spread to the bone A computed tomography CT scan of the head is done to

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/metastatic-cancer/metastatic-cancer/?region=nb (2014-10-09)
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  • What is non-Hodgkin lymphoma? - Canadian Cancer Society
    the Cure Awareness weeks and months Hold your own event Volunteering Why volunteer Ways to volunteer Volunteer opportunities Take action What we are doing Asbestos Drug shortages Indoor tanning Tobacco control Success stories What you can do Issues you can act on Donate Non Hodgkin lymphoma Recently viewed pages Non Hodgkin lymphoma Non Hodgkin lymphoma Metastatic cancer Metastatic cancer Lung Lung cancer Leukemia childhood Childhood leukemia Leukemia Leukemia Kidney Kidney cancer Colorectal Colorectal cancer Cervical Cervical cancer Breast Breast cancer Brain Spinal childhood Childhood brain and spinal tumours Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer type Non Hodgkin lymphoma Non Hodgkin lymphoma Non Hodgkin lymphoma Types of NHL Risks Finding cancer early Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Grading Staging If cancer spreads Prognosis and survival Treatment Supportive care Research Statistics Anatomy and physiology Glossary I thought maybe I m not the only one Maybe there is light at the end of the tunnel Read Albert s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team We fund research The Canadian Cancer Society is the largest national charitable funder of cancer research in Canada Learn More What is non Hodgkin lymphoma Non Hodgkin lymphoma NHL is a cancer that starts in lymphocytes Lymphocytes are cells of the lymphatic system The lymphatic system works with other parts of your immune system to help your body fight infection and disease The lymphatic system is made up of a network of lymph vessels lymph nodes and the lymphatic organs Lymph vessels carry lymph fluid which contains lymphocytes and other white blood cells antibodies and nutrients Lymph nodes sit along the lymph vessels and filter lymph fluid The lymphatic organs include the spleen thymus adenoids tonsils and bone marrow Lymphocytes develop in the bone marrow from basic cells called stem cells Stem cells develop into different types of cells that have different jobs Lymphocytes are types of white blood cells that help fight infection There are 2 types of lymphocytes B cells stay in the bone marrow until they mature T cells move to the thymus to mature Lymphocytes sometimes change and no longer grow or behave normally These abnormal cells can form tumours called lymphomas Non Hodgkin lymphoma can start from either B cells or T cells There are over 30 types of non Hodgkin lymphoma They are grouped based on the type of lymphocyte they started from Most types of NHL start in B cells and are called B cell lymphoma NHL can also start in T cells which is called T cell lymphoma The different types of NHL look different under a microscope They also develop and grow differently The grade of NHL is based on how different or abnormal the cancer cells look compared to normal lymphocytes The grade gives doctors an idea of how slowly or quickly the lymphoma will likely grow and spread NHL is usually divided

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/non-hodgkin-lymphoma/non-hodgkin-lymphoma/?region=nb (2014-10-09)
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  • What is pancreatic cancer? - Canadian Cancer Society
    annual draw How your donations help Funding research Events and Participation Find an event near you Relay For Life Daffodil Ball Daffodil Month Curl for Cancer East Indian charity dinner and auction Golf Fore the Cure Awareness weeks and months Hold your own event Volunteering Why volunteer Ways to volunteer Volunteer opportunities Take action What we are doing Asbestos Drug shortages Indoor tanning Tobacco control Success stories What you can do Issues you can act on Donate Pancreatic cancer Recently viewed pages Pancreatic Pancreatic cancer Non Hodgkin lymphoma Non Hodgkin lymphoma Metastatic cancer Metastatic cancer Lung Lung cancer Leukemia childhood Childhood leukemia Leukemia Leukemia Kidney Kidney cancer Colorectal Colorectal cancer Cervical Cervical cancer Breast Breast cancer Select the text below and copy the link A A A You are here Cancer information Cancer type Pancreatic Pancreatic cancer Pancreatic cancer Malignant tumours Precancerous tumours Benign tumours Risks Finding cancer early Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Grading Staging If cancer spreads Prognosis and survival Treatment Supportive care Research Statistics Anatomy and physiology Glossary It s much easier to concentrate on treatment when you know your basic needs are taken care of I felt safe and knew I was in very good hands Read Karl s story Links to help you Our research How we can help Relay For Life Resource Publications Questions to ask your healthcare team Our information and support services helped 75 000 people living with cancer Learn More What is pancreatic cancer Pancreatic cancer starts in the cells of the pancreas The pancreas is a large gland that lies behind your stomach deep in the upper part of the abdomen The pancreas is part of the digestive system Digestive juices made by the pancreas flow down a tube in the centre of the pancreas called the pancreatic duct The pancreatic

    Original URL path: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/pancreatic/pancreatic-cancer/?region=nb (2014-10-09)
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