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  • Northwest Institute for Bioregional Research
    subject to cross examination and allowed community members to provide the Panel with their knowledge views and concerns on the proposed Enbridge Northern Gateway Project Northwest Institute attended these hearings and compiled excerpts from each hearing which can be viewed below Community Hearings in southern B C took place in January and February 2013 JRP Community Hearings Fort St James July 19 JRP Community Hearings Burns Lake July 17 JRP

    Original URL path: http://northwestinstitute.ca/index.php/enbridge-jrp/community-hearing-summaries (2015-04-05)
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  • Northwest Institute for Bioregional Research
    embedded PDF Prince Rupert April 4 Day 76 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Mar 22nd Day 75 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Mar 21st Day 74 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Mar 20th Day 73 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Mar 19th Day 72 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Mar 18th Day 71 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Mar 16th Day 70 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Mar 15th Day 69 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Mar 14th Day 68 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Mar 13th Day 67 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Mar 12th Day 66 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Mar 11th Day 65 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Mar 1st Day 64 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Feb 27th Day 62 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Feb 26th Day 61 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Feb 25th Day 60 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Feb 23rd Day 59 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Feb 22nd Day 58 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Feb 21st Day 57 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Feb 20th Day 56 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Feb 18th Day 54 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Feb 8th Day 53 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Feb 7th Day 52 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Feb 6th Day 51 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Feb 5th Day 50 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Feb 4th Day 49 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Dec 14th Day 47 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Dec 13th Day 46 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Dec 15th Day 48 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Dec 12th Day 45 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Dec 11th Day 44 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince Rupert Dec 10th Day 43 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince George Nov 28th Day 42 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince George Nov 27th Day 41 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince George Nov 26th Day 40 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince George Nov 23rd Day 39 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince George Nov 22nd Day 38 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince George Nov 9th Day 37 View summary from this hearing embedded PDF Prince George Nov 8th

    Original URL path: http://northwestinstitute.ca/index.php/enbridge-jrp/final-technical-hearings (2015-04-05)
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  • Northwest Institute for Bioregional Research
    central B C The intent of this paper is to help formulate discussion encourage more in depth study direct more detailed on the ground investigation and stimulate investigation into possible safer alternative routes to the unstable terrain found in west central B C This paper does not discuss environmental consequences and risk associated with the proposed pipelines although the environmental consequences of an oil pipeline break do differ considerably from a break sustained by a natural gas pipeline Download report 3 5Mb PDF Analysis of Skeena River Tributaries Downstream from the Proposed Enbridge Pipeline Jack A Stanford and Diane C Whited were contracted by the Northwest Institute for Bioregional Research Smithers BC to use existing databases to produce a series of maps describing the geomorphology of tributaries of the Skeena River British Columbia that will be crossed by the proposed Enbridge pipeline The objective was to develop and map metrics that delineate the areas of the Skeena River and its tributaries most vulnerable to potential pipeline spills associated with the proposed Enbridge corridor to Kitimat BC Download the report 694kb PDF Potential Effects of an Oil Pipeline Rupture on Reach 2 of Morice River This submission focuses on a portion

    Original URL path: http://northwestinstitute.ca/index.php/enbridge-jrp/nwi-evidence (2015-04-05)
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  • Northwest Institute for Bioregional Research
    or download the PDF 187 Kb Prince Rupert Feb 25th Day 60 Please see the following document or download the PDF 87 Kb Prince Rupert Feb 23rd Day 59 Please see the following document or download the PDF 73 Kb Prince Rupert Feb 22nd Day 58 Please see the following document or download the PDF 89 Kb Prince Rupert Feb 21st Day 57 Please see the following document or download the PDF 85 Kb Prince Rupert Feb 20th Day 56 Please see the following document or download the PDF 77 Kb Prince Rupert Feb 18th Day 54 Please see the following document or download the PDF 312 Kb Prince Rupert Feb 8th Day 53 Please see the following document or download the PDF 81 Kb Prince Rupert Feb 7th Day 52 Please see the following document or download the PDF 221 Kb Prince Rupert Feb 6th Day 51 Please see the following document or download the PDF 83 Kb Prince Rupert Feb 5th Day 50 Please see the following summary or download the PDF 800 Kb Prince Rupert Feb 4th Day 49 Please see the following document or download the PDF 480 Kb Prince Rupert Dec 14th Day 47 Please see the following document or download the PDF 370 Kb Prince Rupert Dec 13th Day 46 Please see the following document or download the PDF 784 Kb Prince Rupert Dec 15th Day 48 Please see the following document or download the PDF 216 Kb Prince Rupert Dec 12th Day 45 Please see the following document or download the PDF 322 Kb Prince Rupert Dec 11th Day 44 Please see the following document or download the PDF 271Kb Prince Rupert Dec 10th Day 43 Please see the following document or download the PDF 225 Kb Prince George Nov 28th Day 42 Please see the following document or download the PDF 76Kb Prince George Nov 27th Day 41 Please see the following document or download the PDF 136Kb Prince George Nov 26th Day 40 Please see the following document or download the PDF 79Kb Prince George Nov 23rd Day 39 Please see the following document or download the PDF 111Kb Prince George Nov 22nd Day 38 Please see the following document or download the PDF 105Kb Prince George Nov 9th Day 37 Please see the following document or download the PDF 174Kb Prince George Nov 8th Day 36 Please see the following document or download the PDF 73Kb Prince George Nov 7th Day 35 Please see the following document or download the PDF 78Kb Prince George Nov 6th Day 34 Please see the following document or download the PDF 80Kb Prince George Nov 5th Day 33 Please see the following document or download the PDF 67Kb Prince George Nov 3rd Day 32 Please see the following document or download the PDF 1 2Mb Prince George Nov 2nd Day 31 Please see the following document or download the PDF 81Kb Prince George Nov 1st Day 30 Please see the following document or download the PDF 66Kb Prince George Oct 31st Day 29 Please see the following document or download the PDF 226Kb Prince George Oct 30th Day 28 Please see the following document or download the PDF 210Kb Prince George Oct 29th Day 27 Please see the following document or download the PDF 159Kb Prince George Oct 19th Day 26 Please see the following document or download the PDF 123Kb Prince George Oct 18th Day 25 Please see the following document or download the PDF 64Kb Prince George Oct 17th Day 24 Please see the following document or download the PDF 65Kb Prince George Oct 16th Day 23 Please see the following document or download the PDF 93Kb Prince George Oct 15th Day 22 Please see the following document or download the PDF 68Kb Prince George Oct 14th Day 21 Please see the following document or download the PDF 110Kb Prince George Oct 12th Day 20 Please see the following document or download the PDF 438Kb Prince George Oct 11th Day 19 Please see the following document or download the PDF 318Kb Prince George Oct 10th Day 18 Please see the following document or download the PDF 58Kb Prince George Oct 9th Day 17 Please see the document below or download the PDF 51Kb Edmonton Sept 28th Day 16 The final day of hearings in Edmonton opened with Dr Tom Gunton as the expert witness for the Coastal First Nations The only witness for the entire day he was lucid and informative on all the topics addressed in his public interest and potential impacts reports filed as evidence Richard Neufeld for Northern Gateway Pipelines questioned Dr Gunton for the greater part of the day followed by Carol Hales for the National Energy Board And for the first time all three Panel members had questions for the witness each seeking advice not information Mr Neufeld s questions presented Dr Gunton with opportunities to point at shortcomings in the two reports Northern Gateway Pipelines had commissioned as the cornerstones of its economic evidence the markets analysis of Muse Stancil and the public interest and cost benefit report of Wright Mansell On one critical issue the two reports were in conflict Drawing on the ENSYS analysis done for the US Dept of Energy Dr Gunton explained his concern that proposed pipeline projects including Gateway would result in significant overcapacity Every year there is overcapacity there is a cost to the system Industry still reaps benefits but passes those costs through to the public as reduced taxes Dr Gunton said that the Muse Stancil markets analysis had made a number of assumptions which essentially drove its results Dr Gunton said If you take those assumptions away and allow the market to operate over time the market will equilibrate and will remove the price differentials that provide the rationale for building Northern Gateway He also expressed concern about the Northern Gateway reports forecasting a small difference 2 in price over a long period of time Forecasting that degree of accuracy is beyond the reasonable expectations of forecasting especially when Muse Stancil completely missed forecasting the bottleneck at Cushing and the 18 disparity between WTI and Brent prices which resulted only two years after the original Muse Stancil report was published Dr Gunton was candid about the difficulties involved in quantifying ecosystem values But he argued the values are real and are significant and must be taken into account On oil spills he said Enbridge understates both the risks and the costs yet its refusal to take responsibility for spills suggests that it has little confidence in its own stated numbers Following a rich discussion with Mr Neufeld and Ms Hales Dr Gunton was asked a few questions by each Panel member In response to a question from Kenneth Bateman of the Panel about the polarized views about this project across the country Dr Gunton said The probability of building a project such as this with this degree of opposition is virtually zero For a more detailed summary please see the document below or download the PDF 490Kb Edmonton Sept 27th Day 15 Leanne Chahley of the Alberta Federation of Labour notes that her client s interest is creating jobs in Alberta This morning her questioning of Harold York and Christopher Holly experts for the Government of Alberta led directly to that concern Dr York s Wood Mackenzie netbacks report stated that synthetic crude oil SCO can be processed in any market maintaining its value It s not the case for Western Canadian heavy crude oil which can only be processed for optimal value in a limited number of refineries Ms Chahley wondered why more upgraders were not being built in Alberta Dr York said that at the current price of SCO and the high capital costs of new upgraders they are not commercially viable Heavy crude fetches its highest value in the limited number of refineries that have the capability of processing it for optimal value But once that capacity in those refineries is fully utilized heavy crude loses some of its value and the netback for heavy crude drops by 8 According to Dr York this 8 discount can be avoided by the Northern Gateway but for only one year its first year After that increases in supply will overwhelm the effect of Northern Gateway and the volume of heavy crude will trigger the discount And things will be back to where they were The first person to question the Haisla Nation s panel of Matthias Ruth and Rebecca Gasper was Bernard Roth from Northern Gateway Pipelines Mr Roth began by questioning the qualifications of the witnesses though Dr Ruth a specialist in ecological economics has degrees in geography and economics and is a professor in engineering and public policy The interesting information to come out of Mr Roth s questioning was actually about the Pacific Trails natural gas pipeline PTP and Kitimat LNG rather than Northern Gateway Routes for the two pipelines are very close together in much of their western right of way Crossing Hunter Creek PTP is cutting into the stream bed in an open cut to lay the pipeline whereas NGP will be drilling under the stream Mr Roth also filed an aid to questioning about a new Australian LNG project that will release 41 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent into the environment annually The implications for British Columbia are ominous Kitimat LNG and other LNG projects may be significant generators of greenhouse gases Mr Roth suggested that it could be a revealed preference of the Province of British Columbia to undertake LNG projects notwithstanding their significant greenhouse gas emissions For a more detailed summary please see the document below or d ownload the PDF 530Kb Edmonton Sept 26th Day 14 Barry Robinson representing the Coalition of Living Oceans Forest Ethics and Raincoast Conservation Foundation got it on the record that the Alberta Land Stewardship Act gives regional plans supremacy over regulatory instruments and that the Lower Athabasca Regional Plan has limits for the release of specified substances that are exceeded by those for new projects in the region Sheila Leggett the Chairperson for the Joint Review Panel didn t like where he was going with this Mr Robinson said he was moving on The Chairperson replied The Panel is glad you are prepared to move on Mr Robinson obtained agreement from Harold York author of the Wood Mackenzie netbacks report for the Alberta Government that the economic benefits of a West Coast pipeline are the same whether it s Northern Gateway or a Trans Mountain expansion The rest of the day belonged to Leanne Chahley counsel for the Alberta Federation of Labour and Dr York Much of their discussion was about the meaning of the Wood Mackenzie report So much so that at the end of the day the Chairperson advised Ms Chahley We would encourage you to be able to frame your question in a way that tests the evidence as opposed to revisiting the content of the report Ms Chahley did obtain insights into Dr York s report For example the benefits of the Gateway project would be to stop the discounting of Alberta oil by 8 a barrel an effect created by insufficient pipeline capacity from Alberta to the Gulf of Mexico it s between two and three years Northern Gateway does not solve the problem forever He also said that the effect of Northern Gateway could also be achieved by opening up pipeline capacity from Alberta to the Gulf If you build enough capacity he said you could stay at the PADD III Gulf of Mexico netback for the entire time horizon Ms Chahley s questioning worked toward the discovery that a marginal 337 000 barrels per day would control pricing at the threshold which would trigger the price discount of 8 per barrel Producers or government could tune production to avoid the discount Dr York s response was that the policy would have to know how much volume shouldn t be in the market five to seven years ahead of time The cleverest line of the day goes to the Chairperson When Ms Chahley was having trouble focusing attention on a specific number on a chart the Chairperson asked Do you have a pointer Ms Chahley replied I do Madam Chair Chairperson Could you use a pointer Ms Chahley I don t have a pointer I thought you were asking me if I have a point Chairperson If you have a pointer For a more detailed summary please see the document below or download the PDF 391Kb Edmonton Sept 25th Day 13 Leanne Chahley for the Alberta Federation of Labour continued questioning of the shipper panel Cenovus Nexen Suncor Total MEG Asking if their companies had identified where their condensate would come from they all said there is no need to line it up this far in advance It is the same answer for oil more typical to arrange sales weeks and months ahead not years Carol Hales representing the National Energy Board asked a multitude of questions about the sequence of events from the initial contact between Enbridge and potential shippers to the signing of precedent agreements Who was present Mostly one on one Was Enbridge open to more or fewer than 10 units for funding participants No though it facilitated discussion with other interested parties if someone wanted to sell part of their unit The Coalition of Forest Ethics Advocacy Raincoast Conservation Foundation and Living Oceans Society put up a witness panel David Hughes an energy analyst and Nathan Lemphers from the Pembina Foundation Both witnesses had their credentials questioned and neither was accorded full expert recognition Questioning from Northern Gateway CAPP and Cenovus et al was not friendly For example Richard Neufeld for Northern Gateway characterized some of Mr Hughes charts based on CAPP data as appearing to attribute things to CAPP that CAPP did not say Later in questions about a campaign to impede oil sands development in which Pembina Institute and Forest Ethics are both involved Mr Neufeld seized on some strategic activities that are part of that campaign including mobilizing the public in the Northern Gateway hearing Mob the Mic Mr Neufeld called it before he was called on it by Barry Robinson the Coalition s lawyer Referring to the large numbers of people concerned about the project Mr Neufeld asked Mr Lemphers So the campaign has been quite successful from your perspective Mr Lemphers replied It s a fairly basic story I think people can make up their own minds David Coles the President of the Communications Energy and Paperworkers Union strongly championed his union s view that bitumen exports should be curtailed in favour of domestic jobs and that Canada needs a national energy strategy The Government of Alberta panel sat for only a few questions before the day ended For a more detailed summary please see the document below or download the PDF 189Kb Edmonton Sept 24th Day 12 The Alberta Federation of Labour panel of AFL President Gil McGowan and economist Robyn Allan were questioned today by Richard Neufeld counsel for Northern Gateway Pipelines NGP whose project is under review A question to Gil McGowan was intended to demonstrate that there is no restriction on bitumen that would inhibit construction of a new upgrader Instead Mr McGowan said that construction and operation costs have essentially priced Alberta out of the market in terms of upgrading and refining and that NGP would exacerbate that problem To underscore his point Mr McGowan referred to a Raymond James report which found that basically every project that has been developed since 2008 has been at least 100 percent over budget and in some cases as much as 260 percent over budget Raymond James conclusion was that there were simply too many projects going on at the same time Mr McGowan said the AFL agrees with former Premier Peter Lougheed that we should set a more reasonable pace for development in the oil sands Ms Allan stated that the expansion potential of NGP should be part of the consideration of this review She said that the oil pipeline can go from 525 000 barrels a day to 850 000 barrels a day And the condensate pipeline can go from 193 000 barrels a day to 274 000 barrels a day with only the addition of pumping stations and pumps If you re going to expand 60 percent in pipeline and 40 percent in condensate you actually increase tanker traffic by over 50 percent and you also increase the amount of activity in the marine terminal Risk is not additive it s exponential she said Joint Review Panel member Kenneth Bateman asked Ms Allan about the value of a parental guarantee the idea that Enbridge will backstop or guarantee all the costs of a major spill Ms Allan replied that Enbridge won t entertain that Mr Bateman replied It s not the Applicant who makes these decisions In questioning the witness panel put up by five shippers on the NGP Leanne Chahley counsel for the Alberta Federation of Labour exposed a concern for oil sands producers that has not received a lot of attention competition in the traditional US markets John Van Heyst of Suncor noted that two US oil fields Bakken and Eagleford produced barely more than 100 000 barrels three years ago Production from those two fields alone is in excess of a million barrels today So we re having to compete in our traditional markets with growing U S production For a more detailed summary please see the document below or download the PDF 91Kb Edmonton Sept 22nd Day 11 Carol Hales representing the National Energy Board NEB continued her questioning from yesterday obtaining from the Northern Gateway Pipelines NGP witness panel the information that 26 of 45 First Nations 60 have executed equity agreements with NGP under its Aboriginal Equity Program Dr Mansell is one of the authors of

    Original URL path: http://northwestinstitute.ca/index.php/index.php/enbridge-jrp/community-hearing-summaries (2015-04-05)
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  • Northwest Institute for Bioregional Research
    identify shared values that must be protected when considering LNG projects in Northern BC Our not for profit organizations alongside many local governments and First Nations have been encouraging the provincial government to undertake a big picture regional strategic environmental assessment that would consider the combined impacts of LNG proposals on the things we all value The dialogue sessions will bring concerned citizens and organizations together with neighbouring First Nations

    Original URL path: http://northwestinstitute.ca/index.php/lng/lng-community-dialogue-sessions (2015-04-05)
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  • Northwest Institute for Bioregional Research
    in Northwest BC Request for a Strategic Environmental and Economic Assessment of BC LNG Proposals Report BC LNG Proposals and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Liquified Natural Gas Fact Sheet Brochure What you need to know about Petronas and its impacts on Skeena Salmon This brochure provides an overview of the impacts that Petronas proposed Pacific Northwest LNG facility poses to juvenile salmon habitat in the Skeena Estuary It was created in

    Original URL path: http://northwestinstitute.ca/index.php/lng/brochure-what-you-need-to-know-about-petronas-and-its-impacts-on-skeena-sal (2015-04-05)
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  • Northwest Institute for Bioregional Research
    Projects in Northwest BC Request for a Strategic Environmental and Economic Assessment of BC LNG Proposals Report BC LNG Proposals and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Liquified Natural Gas Fact Sheet Brochure LNG in Northwest BC This publication provides an overview of proposed LNG projects in Northwest BC and takes a close look at air pollution in Kitimat Terrace and salmon impacts in the Skeena Estuary It was produced in May 2014

    Original URL path: http://northwestinstitute.ca/index.php/lng/brochure-lng-in-northwest-bc (2015-04-05)
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  • Northwest Institute for Bioregional Research
    about Petronas and its impacts on Skeena Salmon Brochure LNG in Northwest BC LNG Pipeline and Facility Maps Table of LNG Projects in Northwest BC Request for a Strategic Environmental and Economic Assessment of BC LNG Proposals Report BC LNG Proposals and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Liquified Natural Gas Fact Sheet LNG Pipeline and Facility Maps Maps produced in October 2013 Information is subject to change Download pipelines map Download facilities

    Original URL path: http://northwestinstitute.ca/index.php/lng/lng-pipeline-and-facility-maps (2015-04-05)
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