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  • Bill Garland's Nuclear Engineering Page
    proper management of nuclear waste WiN Women in Nuclear Canada A world wide association of women working professionally in various fields of nuclear energy and radiation applications Computer Codes Simulations Simulators Henrick Ericksson s Nuclear Power Plant Simulation Java Applet Pretty neat Please note that you must have a Java compatible browser CANDU desktop simulator by CTI SImulation International Nice This is the simulator used in the course Engineering Physics 704 Nuclear Power Plant Systems and Operation Radiation Safety Information Computational Cente RSIC Oak Ridge National Laboratory Hundreds of industry standard nuclear codes The Nuclear Energy Agency NEA Databank is a specialised agency within the Organisation for Economic Co operation and development OECD an intergovernmental organisation of industrialised countries based in Paris France Codes listed here are not available to Canada and US since the codes are available through RSIC see above T 2 Nuclear Information Service This service is run by Group T 16 Nuclear Physics of the Theoretical Division of the Los Alamos National Laboratory which is operated by the University of California for the US Department of Energy Contains reactor physics codes data and educational tours See also the Download page International Societies American Nuclear Society The Division of Physics Education DPE is dedicated to the advancement and sharing of pedagogy related to physics education The scope of the mandate includes all aspects of physics education at the secondary and post secondary school levels and in the community as a whole The University of Texas ANS Student Chapter an excellent site The International Nuclear Society Council INSC is an organization whose Member Societies represent more than 50 000 nuclear professionals around the world Their Worldwide Integrated View on Main Nuclear Energy Issues is a good read RadWaste org guide to radioactive waste resources on the Internet The award winning WasteLink directory includes more than 5000 links to radwaste nuclear and radiation related companies research centres regulatory agencies government organizations non governmental organizations etc An excellent balanced site Nuclear Engineering Source Book an excellent source of nuclear engineering educational information brought to you by the North Carolina State University Department of Nuclear Engineering WONC World Council of Nuclear Workers for the defence of nuclear energy and the creation and development of relationships between the representative organizations of nuclear industry workers Radiation Science and Health is an international non profit organization organized by independent individuals knowledgeable in the radiation health effects science and in the associated public policy They are knowledgeable of the misrepresentations of the data and the waste of public resources to support radiation protection policy that provide NO public health benefit You ll find the UNSCEAR United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation reports here U S Nuclear Regulatory Commission NRC to ensure adequate protection of the public health and safety the common defense and security and the environment in the use of nuclear materials in the United States Has a nice reference library and a student s corner WNA World Nuclear Association

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  • Ref Info
    t hesitate to contact me As I am very interested in collecting reference information that is useful to students profs and others I would be willing to act as a clearing house but welcome all the help I can get If anyone has any of the following please don t hesitate to let me know I will attempt to put it on the web for all to relish A favourite

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  • Nuclear Books
    Reactors Chicago U P 1958 Zweifel P F Reactor Physics McGraw Hill New York 1973 Kazys Almenas and Richard Lee Nuclear Engineering an introduction 566 pages Springer Verlag ISBN 0 387 53960 3 1992 Includes 1 computer disk of simple codes McMaster Thode Library call number TK 9145 A44 Rozon Daniel Introduction to Reactor Kinetics Polytechnique International Press Montreal 1998 ISBN 2 553 007000 0 This is a new English translation of Daniel Rozon s 1992 book Introduction à la cinétique des réacteurs nucléaires Ordering information Thermalhydraulics A E Bergles et al Two Phase Flow and Heat Transfer in the Power and Process Industries Hemisphere Publishing 1981 R B Bird W E Stewart and E N Lightfoot Transport Phenomena John Wiley and Sons Inc New York 1960 J C Collier Convective Boiling and Condensation McGraw Hill 1972 Crane Flow of Fluids Through Valves Fittings and Pipe 410 C Engineering Units 410 m metric 1957 I G Currie Fundamental Mechanics of Fluids McGraw Hill Inc 1974 J M Delhaye et al Thermohydraulics of Two Phase Systems for Industrial Design and Nuclear Engineering Hemisphere Publishing 1981 Ginoux Two Phase Flows and Heat Transfer with Application to Nuclear Reactor Design Problems Hemisphere Publishing 1981 L Haar J S Gallagher and G S Knell NBS NRC STEAM TABLES Thermodynamic and Transport Properties and Computer Programs for Vapor and Liquid States of Water in SI Units Hemisphere Publishing Corporation 1984 Y Hsu and R Graham Transport Processes in Boiling and Two Phase Systems Hemisphere Publishing 1976 Idel chik Handbook of Hydraulic Resistance Coefficients of Local Resistance and of Friction National Science Foundation Washington D C Translation 1960 M ISHII Thermo fluid Dynamic Theory of Two phase Flow 1975 Eyrolles Paris ITT Grinnel Corp Piping Design and Engineering Providence Rhode Island 1973 Meyer C A et

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  • Nuclear Journals
    and Design an international journal affiliated with the European Nuclear Society ENS and with the International Association for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT Nu Power an international journal of nuclear power India Thermalhydraulics Safety Nuclear Safety Journal Nuclear Safety is a technical progress journal edited by Dr M D Muhlheim at the Operational Performance Technology Section in the Engineering Technology Division ETD of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Strangely

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  • Nuclear Technical Reports
    Technical Standards You can find references on chemistry physics mechanics thermodynamics electricity reactor physics health physics etc Reactor Physics IAEA TEC DOC 233 Research Reactor Core Conversion from the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium to the Use of Low Enriched Uranium Fuels Guidebook 1980 pdf 37Mb password protected Argonne National Laboratory ANL 5800 Reactor Physics Constants sorry link broken DOE Fundamentals Handbook Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory Volume 1 of

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  • Nuclear Acronyms
    CRT Cathode Ray Tube CSA Canadian Standards Association CSDV Condenser Steam Discharge Valve CSNI Canadian Standards for the Nuclear Industry DBE Design Base Earthquake DCC Digital Control Computer DF ET Drift Flux Equal Temperature DF UT Drift Flux Unequal Temperature DNB Departure from Nucleate Boiling ECC Emergency Core Cooling ECI Emergency Core Injection EFPH Effective Full Power Hours EVET Equal Velocity Equal Temperature EVUT Equal Velocity Unequal Temperature EWS Emergency Water Supply FBR Feed Bleed and Relief FP Full Power HEM Homogeneous Equilibrium Model HTS Heat Transport System HWP Heavy Water Plant HYDNA Hydraulic Network Analysis extinct computer code I C Instrumentation and Control IBIF Intermittent Buoyancy Induced Flow ICRP International Commission on Radiological Protection LOC Loss of Coolant LOCA Loss of Coolant Accident LOC LOECC Loss of Coolant with Coincident Loss of Emergency Core Cooling LOP Loss of Pumping LOR Loss of Regulation MCCR Ministry of Corporate and Consumer Relations MCS Maintenance Cooling System MHD Magneto hydrodynamics milli k Unit of reactivity for reactor physics NPD Nuclear Power Demonstration NPSH Net Positive Suction Head NUCIRC Nuclear Circuits computer code OECD Organization for Economic Co operation Development OH Ontario Hydro PGSA Pickering Generating Station A PHTS Primary Heat Transport System

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  • Nuclear Outreach
    as an industry Build trust at every opportunity Never betray that trust Never All this comes naturally when one cares about others preachy but true nonetheless Have your message ready Here s what is in my wallet on a slip of paper We are professionals here to inform and to help others make informed decisions We are held accountable for what we say and do To whom are the anti nuclear people accountable Turn the conversation to what we are for rather than what we are against There is risk in all we do LNT should not be used for risk assessment If a reporter calls take a few moments to get your thoughts together and call him or her back What message do you have The Need It is clear that adequate access to clean affordable energy is central to quality of life see Facts but it is not so clear sometimes which technology should be deployed for any given application We need to quantify things in order to pick the best alternative See Sustainable Energy without the hot air for an excellent evaluation of the options From this and other studies see Progress and Sustainability by John McCarthy and Searching for a Sustainable Energy Future by Patrick Moore for instance it is clear that with currently available technology renewables are not enough We ll need all types of energy sources and nuclear has a major role to play globally And when the fit is right nuclear has a major role to play locally So in short Wind and solar are low density expensive and intermittent They have niche applications Conservation should be practiced and efficiency improvements should be sought but it has been shown that neither addresses societal needs Energy is empowering See The Bottomless Well by Peter Huber and Mark Mills Coal oil and gas are still relatively affordable and countries like China and India will expand their use of these substantially as they raise their average quality of life Extensive nuclear expansion is needed to reduce the environmental impact and to preserve our finite fossil resources as much as possible Radiation Show that radiation is common and help make it become a familiar thing It s all around us etc Geiger counters in schools etc Discuss the misuse of LNT for risk assessment Discuss the threshold theory and hormesis and the implications on regulation Recognize that people are disproportionately fearful of radiation the outrage thing see Sandman and so have a different notion of risk than we do within the industry See Radiation Information for facts and links you might find useful Risk Actively compare the real and estimated risks to other forms of power generation Use accidents as an opportunity to do the items above Accidents do cause setbacks naturally but because the nuclear industry does treat the risks seriously and design for those risks the actual body counts are commendably low That works in our favour as much if not more than it does

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  • Risk
    the actual death toll in Ontario due to nuclear power plant radiation is zero 0 nada zilch But I suspect that there have been industrial accident related deaths of the common kind falls electrocution etc So let s accept the numbers in the table as more or less correct The figure of 0 04 deaths per TWh in the above table included all nuclear worldwide including Chernobyl Given that Chernobyl deaths dominate the nuclear death stats the death per power generated estimates will depend mainly on the cancer estimates for low levels of radiation The erroneous use of LNT for risk estimates raises its ugly head once again The 1410 deaths per year per plant is grotesque even for coal I guess it depends on how you attribute deaths The World Bank is reported http www pri org business global development thousands of deaths because of china s coal energy2500 html to have estimated there are 700 000 deaths per year due to air pollution and 1 600 per year in coal mining accidents According to wikipedia China has 484 GW of coal fired power If you attribute most of the 700 000 air pollution deaths to coal you get about 1400 deaths per GWyr These are staggering numbers Now one cannot attribute all those deaths to coal but it is recognized that coal is a major contributor to air pollution in China Are the numbers for coal believable If one focuses on just accident data the numbers are significantly lower across the board The January 2005 report from the Paul Scherrer Institut http gabe web psi ch pdfs PSI Report SVGW PSI Bericht 05 01 pdf local archive pdf 2 2Mb gives OECD EU15 non OECD Energy chain Accidents Fatalities Accidents Fatalities Accidents Fatalities Coal 75 2259 11 234 102 1044 a 4831 18 017 a Oil 165 3789 58 1141 232 16 494 Natural Gas 90 1043 24 230 45 1000 LPG 59 1905 19 515 46 2016 Hydro 1 14 0 0 10 29 924 b Nuclear 1 31 c a First line Coal non OECD w o China second line Coal China b Banqiao and Shimantan dam failures together caused 26 000 fatalities c Latent fatalities are treated separately They convert these numbers to a GWy basis and report deaths per GWy Energy chain OECD non OECD Coal 0 157 1 605 Oil 0 135 0 897 Natural Gas 0 085 0 111 LPG 1 957 14 896 Hydro 0 003 10 285 Nuclear 0 048 From the above whether just focusing on accidents or considering all the externalities which are admittedly fraught with uncertainty nuclear as a source of power has proven to be a very safe option Yes it does indeed have a huge potential for large radiation releases and very many deaths One might ask what would be the consequences if in the worst case scenario the reactor goes into full meltdown That is perhaps not a meaningful question to ask It is

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