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  • Schools and Parks II - A History of Segregation - Spacing Edmonton
    Valley Yes No Agriculture Yes No Country Residential Yes Yes Public Park Yes No Restricted Residential A Yes No All other Residential Yes Yes Commercial excepting Tourist Commercial Yes No The general approach was that parks belonged almost everywhere except in industrial areas and that schools were integral to residential areas In the residential districts schools and parks were listed together and were generally the only permitted non residential classes The Bylaw allowed for the mix of school and park uses on the same land and in the same facilities which would soon be encouraged by Provincial legislation This Bylaw saw its last major amendment in 1978 The most significant change was the creation of a Public Service District which allowed for institutional uses including parks and schools separately from the communities they were meant to serve This was already the case for parks with the Public Park District but was a new approach for schools Bylaw 5996 introduced in 1980 separated uses along hard lines It removed school and park use classes from all the general residential and commercial districts It also deleted parks from its new version of the Public Service District the Urban Services District This new District brought together all public and private institutional use classes but excluded Public Parks since there was already a Public Parks District The only districts that kept a broad mix of uses were in the agriculture category Public Parks was left and Public Schools was added to the transition district from agriculture to urban residential development the Urban Reserve District The Bylaw also split the Public Parks uses into four use classes Public Parks i e fields and playgrounds Community Recreation Services i e community league halls Indoor Participant Recreation Services i e recreation centres and Outdoor Participant Recreation services i e outdoor skating rinks Some of these new classes were included in the agriculture districts but never all of them There were many mid sized parks that included the full range of community recreation and education uses but no district in the Bylaw covered all of them The solution was typically to zone the school as Urban Services and the surrounding park area as Public Park but this imposed an artificial segregation on the site Community and school users shared and continue to share fields and other facilities Cooperation was simply limited by a Zoning Bylaw that over segregated uses It was difficult for instance to construct a playground close to an elementary school Despite agreements being in place between the City of Edmonton and the local school authorities as well as collaboration being encouraged by the Province since the 1970s Edmonton s Zoning Bylaw separated parks and schools from each other and from other uses This segregation lasted until 2014 when schools were added to the Public Parks Zone and parks were added to the Urban Services Zone The questions remain whether the more fundamental change of removing schools and parks from residential and commercial districts was necessary

    Original URL path: http://spacing.ca/edmonton/2015/10/28/schools-parks-ii-history-segregation/ (2015-11-15)
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  • Book Review: A Line in the Andes/Una Linea En Los Andes - Spacing National
    of the factors that have led to Quito s current condition This is somewhat evident in the chapter titles The Foundational City 1 The Elastic Grid The Foundational City 2 The Distant Gaze Jones Odriozola and En Route Modernity The Compact City The Symbolic Dimension of Transportation Infrastructure In South America From The Sublime to the Everyday The Draped City A Design Policy The Road To New Urban Centres Sub surface Spines and the Metro As Spine An appendix of GSD student projects proposing transformations of the city in response to the new metro line closes out the book Two critical things are worth mentioning here first as the title suggests the book is wisely written in both english and spanish making the work accessible to both North and South American readers alike This also serves to make the intimidating size of the book easily digestible One can read it quicker than initially assumed upon first view Second about half of the contribution are graphic essays consisting of an amazing array of analytical maps graphics and visualizations that give the reader a wonderfully in depth understanding of Quito s urban fabric at a variety of scales The chapters roughly alternate between written and graphic essays giving the book an excellent and engaging flow Like most books of this sort the written contributions vary in quality and interest The graphic essays however did a great job in breaking up the dense written material with consistently fascinating and stimulating information I only wish they were twice the size On the negative side the written content seemed to have a higher number of spelling and grammar errors than is characteristic of typical GSD publications This included at least couple of times that a sentence or two seemed to be missing from one page to the next Reading the spanish side allowed me to follow the stream of thought but those who do not know the language may get momentarily confused by the disjunction Furthermore although I appreciated that the student projects were secondary to the main content of the book being in the appendix and all and that there is only so big the book wanted to be they required more written descriptions The maps model photos and diagrams included in were excellent albeit sometimes too small and clearly they seemed to have interesting ideas behind them but one was hard pressed to really understand what the design intentions were The above aside A Line in the Andes Una Linea En Los Andes is an impressive investigation whose lessons are relevant well beyond the borders of Ecuador The Foundational City 1 and 2 and The Compact City chapters alone are worth the read as they highlight the unique morphology of Quito s urban fabric and building types over time in response to the topographic social and cultural conditions Required reading to my mind for anybody in the urban design planning and architecture fields Overall Correa and Almeida should be graciously applauded for the

    Original URL path: http://spacing.ca/national/2015/10/20/book-review-line-andesuna-linea-en-los-andes/ (2015-11-15)
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  • Halloween For Planning Nerds: CANDY DENSITY - Spacing Vancouver
    to the street and were not counted These inaccessible apartments show why a direct unit count might not be as useful of a metric especially in terms of filling a pillow case I have not included these in the count DISTANCE WALKED In order for an accurate experience of trick or treating to be presented I felt it was worth showing the amount of approximate linear distance a child would have to walk to complete their bon bon run I should note that I calculated this as a general distance and did not include the small movement into and out of yards for individual houses To show this movement sets of footprints on the diagram represents about 100m 300ft of walking and generally how far someone would have to walk in order to knock on all the doors of the neighbourhood By The Numbers What Are the Best Neighbourhoods for Trick or Treating Inner City Neighbourhoods The old streetcar neighbourhood that I examined is pretty typical of Vancouver or many inner city streetcar era neighbourhoods across North America It has lanes 10 m 33 ft wide lots regularized streets and many single family homes 4 hectare 10 acres of this older urbanism has the ability to present 73 doors to knock on 19 doors per hectare 8 per acre With 1100m 0 7mi to walk that s 7pieces of Candy per 100m 300ft With the inclusion of secondary suites I only counted five explicit side doors but there are likely more and laneway suites that count could increase substantially I easily see it filling to 30 more and filling the pillow case up beyond 100 candies and ten pieces per 100m But that would come with official addressing and legalization of those suites Sub Urban Neighbourhoods The loop and lollipop suburban neighbourhood that I looked at was in the far south east of the City This is not a common layout in Vancouver proper but is very typical of most of the City s post war auto oriented suburbs It has no lanes 15m 50ft wide lots curvilinear and disconnected streets and only single family homes 4 hectare 10 acres of this auto oriented form has the ability to present 58 doors on which to knock 14 5 doors per hectare 6 per acre With 900m 0 56mi to walk that s six to seven pieces of candy per 100m 300ft This is a thinner pillowcase of candy It is difficult for neighbourhoods like this to grow without changing how they are laid out but there is potential for infill and secondary suites here I will however note that this area in Champlain Heights is adjacent a number of housing complexes that are much denser and connected than these houses In fact they are an older analogue to our last examined neighbourhood type Urbanist Neighbourhoods This mixed use redevelopment in the Cedar Cottage neighbourhood infills the typical urban grid of Vancouver but adds a layer of new development and new

    Original URL path: http://spacing.ca/vancouver/2015/10/30/halloween-planning-nerds-candy-density/ (2015-11-15)
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  • RELEASE: Vancouver's Thursdays Writing Collective on CBC - Spacing Vancouver
    s The Collective Project The CBC endeavour invited 11 arts groups across the country to make videos about their collectives They have begun posting them and just released TWCs It is online at CBC s site http www cbc ca beta arts thecollective the collective thursdays writing collective 1 3106481 The link takes you to the CBC page with the video more information about The Collective Project and a short interview with Elee Kralji Gardiner Thank you to CBC Arts Secret Location and our talented collaborator Mateo Zepeda for this excellent opportunity to represent ourselves And thank you to Carnegie Community Centre and Paper Hound Bookstore for being so generous with their spaces Subscribe to Mag Share Post Tweet Post Buy Merch andise Related Posts VIDEO VANCOUVER We the City An Evening at the Centre Video Vancouver FOURWALLS London Event Voice to Voice Free Concerts Apr 2nd 16th Video Vancouver Re Imagine Downtown Vancouver Tweet More posts by Spacing Neither the author nor Spacing necessarily agrees with posted comments Spacing reserves the right to edit or delete comments entirely See our Comment Policy Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published Required fields are marked Name

    Original URL path: http://spacing.ca/vancouver/2015/10/23/release-vancouvers-thursdays-writing-collective-cbc/ (2015-11-15)
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  • Critical Elements to Make Pedestrian Streets Work - Spacing National
    you how to behave Consequently drivers are more cautious and alert as they navigate the street Unsuccessful portion of London s Exhibition Road fails to create a safe and inviting place for people walking cycling due to the lack of fine grain retail uses Exhibition Road can only be called a partial success as it is only on the south portion where people are present What is the reason Well this is the only segment of the street that is lined by fine grained ground floor retail and skinny building facades The remainder of Exhibition Road is flanked by large museums and limited street facing retail uses that do not actively engage the street Seville s San Jacinto Shared Street is also a success Wide open spaces with clear lines of sight permit people to feel like they can get away with driving through quickly In order for a shared street to work properly it needs to have edges that create friction to force drivers to slow down to human speeds These can either be hard edges through the use of landscaping or design or soft edges like having people present Ensuring that you have fine grained retail with many store fronts lining your pedestrian street will ensure there are plenty of people These uses also invite people to stay and partake in many activities including people watching shopping or eating Car Free Centres With a population of about 100 000 people Delft is a relatively small Dutch city with a network of car free streets in the city centre Like any other city in the 70 s its city centre public spaces were dedicated as car parks Today the city centre could be referred to as a place of people parks The lack of automobiles has a dramatic effect on the experience of the city most noticeable is the quietness Delft took a slightly different approach to create their car free status The city built a series of parkades around the perimeter of the city centre They also invested in digital wayfinding signage directing people to the nearest parking garage and indicating the real time capacity of available parking stalls The wayfinding also indicates the walking distance from the parking garage to the city centre Consequently on street parking is priced higher than the parking garages Finally the entire core is within 800 meters or a 10 minute walk from a local tram service and regional train station All of this encourages people to spend less time circling for parking and more time shopping within the core While driving in the core is discouraged people are still allowed to drive into there during the evening hours for critical deliveries and pick ups with the appropriate permit Since the core is also more comfortable for walking and cycling it provides significantly more capacity for people while still maintaining walking distance access for those that need to drive Pedestrian cores can also work at a larger city scale such as the

    Original URL path: http://spacing.ca/national/2015/10/26/critical-elements-make-pedestrian-streets-work/ (2015-11-15)
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  • Balancing vibrancy and accessibility: new rules for sidewalk patios - Spacing Toronto
    to set up patios in the furniture zone of a sidewalk beside the road if there is space And they ll be able to extend patios to the space in front of a neighbouring business if the neighbour agrees or to parklets built into permanent parking spaces The proposed bylaw also reduces the bureaucracy of patios there s more flexibility about the types of materials that can be used fences will no longer be required for non alcoholic patios just defined borders at either end umbrellas can overhang the sidewalk if they are high enough When a business is applying for a side patio adjacent to a residential area it will no longer have to wait for a time consuming residents poll which are often inconclusive because of low turnout instead a notification will be distributed and only if there are objections will a dispute resolution process be triggered The businesses represented at the open house I went to seemed to think this was a fair exchange although the response may have been different elsewhere It s also possible there might be a stronger reaction when eventually some existing patios have to be redesigned On the flip side there are probably some details that need to be refined in terms of assuring accessibility Finally once these more flexible rules are in place it would be good to have better enforcement to ensure accessibility as the current rules are often ignored Overall the proposed policies seem to go in the right direction both making it easier to establish patios that bring vibrancy and a sense of place to the sidewalk while also making sidewalks work better as safe accessible corridors for people to walk If it meets its goals the new bylaw will help add to the approximately 710 licensed patios currently contributing to the liveliness of the city s sidewalks and perhaps even introduce a few in Scarborough for the first time Image from City of Toronto draft Sidewalk Café Manual Subscribe to Mag Share Post Tweet Post Buy Merch andise Related Posts How Toronto learned to love the patio REID That s a nice laneway but it s no woonerf The slow and deadly evolution of Toronto s crosswalks Cadillac sized strollers and complicated commute patterns Tweet More posts by Dylan Reid 6 comments Neither the author nor Spacing necessarily agrees with posted comments Spacing reserves the right to edit or delete comments entirely See our Comment Policy Brian 24 days ago Now if only the LLBO will abolish the need for fences to protect ourselves from the demon drink Sheryl 24 days ago As a pedestrian I like the idea but it will only work if the city can somehow enforce the cycling by laws Imagine being a server carrying a tray of drinks to the curbside tables in the above layout and just as you re about to cross that pedestrian zone a cyclist goes whipping past with no warning Also smartasses walking past and grabbing food

    Original URL path: http://spacing.ca/toronto/2015/10/22/balancing-vibrancy-and-accessibility-new-rules-for-sidewalk-patios/ (2015-11-15)
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  • Schools and Parks I - A History of Sharing - Spacing Edmonton
    added to parks and recreation as a permitted use for these lands Little guidance was given in the Act for decision making regarding what land to acquire ownership of the land exactly how it would be used or if it was no longer needed its sale These shortcomings were addressed in part in the 1970 amendment to the Act It made explicit that Reserves would be acquired by the municipality and then the portion needed for school purposes could be transferred to the school authority If the school uses ceased ownership would revert back to the municipality The amendment also added a clause indicating that the school uses on Reserve land could not be exclusive Reserves could only be used for A school site or part thereof where the school authority has entered into an agreement with the municipal authority whereby the school is to be used for community purposes outside school hours Even if the school authority owned the land the expectation was to jointly use facilities The question of ownership was made clearer in 1977 when types of Reserves were introduced The designation was set to change automatically based on ownership When the municipality acquired the land it was Municipal Reserve If it was transferred to a school authority it became School Reserve If it was jointly owned it was Municipal and School Reserve The notion of cooperation remained with the following clause Notwithstanding that land is designated municipal reserve or school reserve or municipal and school reserve the council and one or more school authorities concerned may enter into any agreement they consider necessary with respect to a use referred to in subsection 2 or for any matter related to the use The uses in question remained essentially park recreation and school This clause broadened the scope of cooperation from a school facility to all land where the municipality and school authorities had an interest It was more equitable allowing for community sports fields for instance to be used by a school in addition to leaving the possibility open for community groups to use the school building While many things have changed since 1977 the fundamental legislative approach remains the same today Trent Portigal is a writer and planner His latest novel is Cowards 2015 Subscribe to Mag Share Post Tweet Post Buy Merch andise Related Posts Schools and Parks II A History of Segregation A Pocket Park Paradise A Partial History of A Roadway Plan 524R Old Strathcona Farmers Market should see opportunity in park proposal Tweet More posts by Trent Portigal 3 comments Neither the author nor Spacing necessarily agrees with posted comments Spacing reserves the right to edit or delete comments entirely See our Comment Policy Mr Shirreff 1 month ago I like your school of thought on this subject Vincent Puhakka 24 days ago I wonder how far the legislation provides for alternative uses of park space say as a community garden or in the winter an impromptu cross country ski snowshoe area

    Original URL path: http://spacing.ca/edmonton/2015/10/15/schools-parks-history-sharing/ (2015-11-15)
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  • New Welcome Centre: A Potential Poster-Child for Housing Refugees - Spacing Vancouver
    an ongoing and growing issue that touches many aspects with architecture being one of them Tenure blind design can have a profound impact towards diminishing social imbalances and NIMBY attitudes in the community This being the case the New Welcome House project might become a poster child in tenure blind housing for refugees The 27 million dollar project received funding through the Canadian government on all three levels and will be realized by Vancouver architecture firm Henriquez Partners Architects the Immigrant Services Society of British Columbia ISS of BC and Terra Housing The building s features reflect the long and short term needs of refugees as it will have a trauma centre medical and dental clinic child care and classrooms and be housing 138 people on 58 square feet According to the ISS of BC s website the LEED Gold certified building will be first of its kind in the world Unlike many other refugee shelters and centers that are placed in remote locations and isolated from the rest of their respective cities the New Welcome Center will be set near Victoria Dr and Broadway in the heart of East Vancouver near Broadway Commercial Skytrain Station This choice of location increases the chances of social inclusion through daily encounters with residents and neighbours and facilitates access to and from the building through public transportation The New Welcome Centre is set to be opening in spring 2016 It will be interesting to see how the project will be perceived by Vancouverites and to what extent architecture can help to diminish prejudices against refugees and protect the vulnerable tenants of the building Ulduz Maschaykh is an art urban historian with an interest in architecture design and the impact of cities on people s lives Through her international studies in Bonn Germany Vancouver

    Original URL path: http://spacing.ca/vancouver/2015/10/13/new-welcome-centre-potential-poster-child-housing-refugees/ (2015-11-15)
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